The National Curriculum for English reflects the importance of spoken language in pupils. development – linguistic, cognitive and social – across the whole curriculum. Teaching ensures the continual development of pupils. confidence and competence in spoken language. The whole school uses storytelling and ‘talk for writing’ as a way to link coherent speaking and listening skills to writing. Each Programme of Study is set out year-by-year for Key Stage 1 and two-yearly for Key Stage 2 in English and by the end of each Key Stage pupils are expected to have the knowledge, skills and understanding of matters taught in the relevant Programme of Study.